Recipes and Menus

Food Equivalents

Food Equivalents

Use this chart to determine the equivalents of some common ingredients. All measurements are approximate.

  • Bacon
    Amount Equivalent

    1 slice

    1 tbsp (15 mL) cooked and crumbled

    1 lb (500 g)

    1 ½ cups (375 mL) cooked and crumbled

  • Baking Powder
    Amount Equivalent

    1/6 oz (5 g)

    1 tsp (5 mL)

  • Baking Soda
    Amount Equivalent

    1/7 oz (4 g)

    1 tsp (5 mL)

  • Bananas
    Amount Equivalent

    1 lb (500 g)

    • 3 to 4 medium
    • 2 cups (500 mL) sliced
    • 1 ¾ cups (425 mL) mashed
  • Barley, pearl
    Amount Equivalent

    1 cup (250 mL) uncooked

    3 ½ to 4 cups (875 mL to 1 L) cooked

  • Beans, dried
    Amount Equivalent

    8 oz (250 g)

    1 cup (250 mL) uncooked

    1 cup (250 mL) uncooked

    2 to 3 cups (500 to 750 mL) cooked

  • Bread Crumbs

    Dry bread crumbs are powdered like fine sand; fresh bread crumbs are soft and the size of peas.

    Amount Equivalent
    Dry

    1 slice

    ¼ cup (50 mL) dry bread crumbs

    Fresh

    1 slice

    ½ cup (125 mL) fresh bread crumbs

  • Bulgur
    Amount Equivalent
    Fine

    ¾ cup (175 mL) uncooked

    2 ½ cups (625 mL) cooked

    Medium

    ¾ cup (175 mL) uncooked

    2 cups (500 mL) cooked

    Coarse

    ¾ cup (175 mL) uncooked

    1 ¾ cup (425 mL) cooked

    Toasted Cracked Wheat

    1 cup (250 mL) uncooked

    2 cups (500 mL) cooked

  • Candied Fruit
    Amount Equivalent
    Cherries

    1 lb (500 g)

    2 cups (500 mL) 

    Crystallized Ginger

    4 oz (125 g)

    1 cup (250 mL)

    Mixed Fruit

    1 lb (500 g)

    2 cups (500 mL)

    Peel (lemon, orange, citron)

    1 lb (500 g)

    2 cups (500 mL) 

    Pineapple

    1 lb (500 g)

    2 cups (500 mL)

  • Cheese
    Amount Equivalent
    Blue

    4 oz (125 g)

    1 cup (250 mL) crumbled

    Cheddar

    1 lb (500 g)

    4 cups (1 L) shredded

    Feta

    4 oz (125 g)

    1 cup (250 mL) crumbled

    Mozzarella

    1 lb (500 g)

    3 ½ cups (875 mL) shredded

    Parmesan

    2 ¼ oz (65 g)

    ½ cup (125 mL) grated

  • Chocolate Chips
    Amount Equivalent

    6 oz (175 g)

    1 cup (250 mL)

    12 oz (350 g)

    2 cups (500 mL)

  • Coffee
    Amount Equivalent

    1 lb (500 g)

    5 to 5 ½ cups (1.25 to 1.375 L) grounds

    1 lb (500 g)

    40 to 50 brewed cups (6 oz / 170 mL each)

  • Coconut
    Amount Equivalent
    Flaked
    • 3 oz (85 g)
    • 7 oz (200 g)
    • 1 cup (250 mL)
    • 2 ½ cups (625 mL)
    Medium
    • 4 oz (125 g)
    • 7 oz (200 g)
    • 1 cup (250 mL)
    • 1 ¾ cups (425 mL)
  • Cookie Crumbs
    Amount Equivalent
    Chocolate Wafers

    18 wafers

    1 cup (250 mL) crumbs

    Gingersnaps

    22 cookies

    1 cup (250 mL) crumbs

    Graham Wafers

    14 wafers

    1 cup (250 mL) crumbs

    Vanilla Wafers

    30 wafers

    1 cup (250 mL) crumbs

  • Couscous
    Amount Equivalent

    1 cup (250 mL) uncooked

    2 ½ cups (625 mL) cooked

  • Cornstarch

    1 tbsp (15 mL) cornstarch will thicken 1 cup (250 mL) liquid.

    Amount Equivalent

    ⅛ oz (4 g)

    1 tsp (5 mL)

    ⅓ oz (10 g)

    1 tbsp (15 mL)

  • Cream Cheese
    Amount Equivalent

    4 oz (125 g)

    ½ cup (125 mL)

    8 oz (250 g)

    1 cup (250 mL)

  • Dried Fruit
    Amount Equivalent
    Apricots

    1 lb (500 g)

    2 ½ to 3 cups (625 to 750 mL)

    Currants

    1 lb (500 g)

    3 cups (750 mL)

    Dates

    1 lb (500 g)

    2 ½ cups (625 mL) chopped

    Figs

    1 lb (500 g)

    3 cups (750 mL) chopped

  • Egg

    To measure half an egg, beat 1 whole egg, then measure out 1 ½ tbsp (22 mL).

    Amount Equivalent
    Whole
    • 1 large egg
    • 5 large eggs
    • 3 tbsp (45 mL) whole egg
    • 6 medium eggs = 7 small eggs = 1 cup (250 mL) whole egg
    White
    • 1 large egg
    • 7 egg whites
    • 2 tbsp (25 mL) white
    • 1 cup (250 mL) whites
    Yolk
    • 1 large egg
    • 14 egg yolks
    • 1 tbsp (15 mL) yolk
    • 1 cup (250 mL) yolks
  • Fats
    Amount Equivalent
    Butter
    • 1 lb (500 g)
    • 1 stick
    • 2 cups (500 mL) = 4 sticks
    • ½ cup (125 mL) = ¼ lb (125 g) = 8 tbsp (125 mL)
    Margarine
    • 1 lb (500 g)
    • 1 square
    • 2 cups (500 mL) = 4 squares
    • ½ cup (125 mL) = ¼ lb (125 g) = 8 tbsp (125 mL)
    Lard

    1 lb (500 g)

    2 ⅓ cups (575 mL)

    Shortening

    1 lb (500 g)

    2 ⅓ cups (575 mL)

    Suet

    1 lb (500 g) ground

    3 ¾ cups (925 mL)

  • Flour
    Amount Equivalent
    All-purpose

    1 lb (500 g)

     3 ½ cups (875 mL)

    Bread

    1 lb (500 g)

    3 ¾ cups (925 mL)

    Cake and Pastry

    1 lb (500 g)

    4 ½ cups (1.125 L) sifted

    Self-rising

    1 lb (500 g)

    3 ½ cups (875 mL)

    Whole Wheat

    1 lb (500 g)

    4 cups (1 L)

  • Gelatin

    1 tbsp (15 mL) unflavored gelatin will gel 2 cups (500 mL) liquid. 

    Amount Equivalent

    ¼ oz (7 g) pkg

    1 tbsp (15 mL) 

  • Honey
    Amount Equivalent

    1 lb (500 g)

    1 ⅓ cups (325 mL)

  • Lemons
    Amount Equivalent
    Juice

    1 medium lemon

    3 tbsp (45 mL) juice

    Peel

    1 medium lemon

    1 to 2 tsp (5 to 10 mL) grated lemon peel

  • Lentils, red or green
    Amount Equivalent

    1 lb (500 g)

    2 ¼ cups (550 mL) uncooked yields 5 cups (1.25 L) cooked

  • Limes
    Amount Equivalent
    Juice
    • 1 medium lime
    • 1 Key lime
    • 1 to 2 tbsp (15 to 25 mL) juice
    • 2 tsp to 1 tbsp (10 to 15 mL) juice
    Peel
    • 1 medium lime
    • 1 Key lime
    • 1 to 2 tsp (5 to 10 mL) grated lime peel
    • ¾ to 1 tsp (3 to 5 mL) grated lime peel
  • Marshallows
    Amount Equivalent

    1 pkg (400 g)

    • 54 regular
    • 45 jumbo
    • 710 miniature

    1 regular (7 g)

    13 miniature

    1 jumbo (9 g)

    16 miniature

  • Milk Powder
    Amount Equivalent
    Buttermilk

    3 tbsp (40 mL)

    1 cup (250 mL) reconstituted

    Skim
    • ⅓ cup (75 mL)
    • 1 ⅓ cups (325 mL)
    • 1 cup (250 mL) reconstituted
    • 4 cups (1 L) reconstituted
  • Nuts
    Amount Equivalent
    Almonds

    1 lb (500 g)

    • 3 cups (750 mL) whole
    • 4 cups (1 L) slivered
    • 4 ½ cups (1.125 L) sliced
    • 5 cups (1.25 L) ground 
    Brazil Nuts

    1 lb (500 g)

    3 cups (750 mL) whole

    Cashews

    1 lb (500 g)

    3 ⅓ cups (825 mL) whole

    Hazelnut

    1 lb (500 g)

    3 ½ cups (875 mL) whole

    Peanuts

    1 lb (500 g)

    3 ½ to 4 cups (875 mL to 1 L) whole

    Pecans

    1 lb (500 g)

    4 cups (1 L) halves = 3 ¾ cups (925 mL) chopped

    Walnuts

    1 lb (500 g)

    3 ¾ cups (925 mL) halves = 3 ½ cups (875 mL) chopped

  • Oats, rolled (quick-cooking, old-fashioned)
    Amount Equivalent

    1 lb (500 g) uncooked

    5 cups (1.25 L) uncooked

    1 cup (250 mL) uncooked

    1 ¾ cups (425 mL) cooked

  • Oranges
    Amount Equivalent
    Juice

    1 medium orange

    ⅓ to ½ cup (75 to 125 mL) juice

    Peel

    1 medium orange

    2 to 3 tbsp (25 to 45 mL) grated orange peel

  • Pasta
    Amount Equivalent
    Long (spaghetti, fettuccine)

    4 oz (125 g) uncooked long pasta

    Has about the same diameter as a 25-cent coin

    Short-shaped (macaroni, penne)
    • 4 oz (125 g)
    • 1 cup (250 mL) uncooked
    • 1 cup (250 mL) uncooked
    • 2 cups (500 mL) cooked
  • Quinoa
    Amount Equivalent

    1 cup (250 mL) uncooked

    3 ½ to 4 cups (875 mL to 1 L) cooked

  • Raisins, seedless
    Amount Equivalent

    1 lb (500 g)

    4 cups (1 L)

  • Rice
    Amount Equivalent
    Brown

    1 cup (250 mL) uncooked

    3 cups (750 mL) cooked

    Long Grain White

    1 cup (250 mL) uncooked

    3 cups (750 mL) cooked

    Short Grain White

    1 cup (250 mL) uncooked

    3 cups (750 mL) cooked

    Wild

    1 cup (250 mL) uncooked

    3 ⅔ cups (900 mL) cooked

  • Split Peas
    Amount Equivalent

    1 lb (500 g)

    2 ¼ cups (550 mL) dried yields 5 cups (1.25 L) cooked

  • Sugar
    Amount Equivalent
    Brown

    1 lb (500 g)

    2 ¼ cups (550 mL)

    Granulated (white)
    • 1 lb (500 g)
    • 1 tsp (5 mL)
    • 2 cups (500 mL)
    • two ½ inch (1.25 cm) sugar cubes
    Icing (confectioners', powdered)

    1 lb (500 g)

    3 ½ to 4 cups (875 mL to 1 L)

    Superfine (berry, castor)

    1 lb (500 g)

    2 ⅓ cups (575 mL)

  • Whipping Cream
    Amount Equivalent

    1 cup (250 mL) unwhipped

    2 cups (500 mL) whipped

  • Yeast
    Amount Equivalent

    ¼ oz (7 g) pkg active dry yeast

    • 2 ¼ tsp (11 mL)
    • 0.6 oz (17 g) cake compressed fresh yeast

    ¼ oz (7 g) pkg instant yeast

    2 ¼ tsp (11 mL)